Atlantic Salmon

Saltwater Fishing - Helping you catch that fish of a lifetime

Atlantic Salmon

by Geoffrey English

The Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar)
The Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar), also known as Kennebec Salmon, Sebago Salmon, or Black Salmon, is one of the most widely known species of fish.  It is mainly found in the Northern Atlantic, and ranges from southern Greenland to Iceland, and from the Connecticut River to Quebec. The Atlantic Salmon can also be found ranging from the Arctic Circle to parts of Portugal. There are some populations that are considered to be strictly freshwater fish, but most migrate from the sea to freshwater for spawning purposes, and can spawn multiple times before they die.

The Atlantic Salmon has a body similar to a trout, but is different color and size. When in saltwater, the fish appear silver with x-shaped black spots on the top half of their bodies. During the spawning season, when they migrate to freshwater, the fish look much darker, taking on a bronze hue. They begin to look like their close relative - the brown trout, developing red spots around their heads, but brown trout have a higher concentration of spots along their entire body.

Atlantic Salmon can be caught by many methods, but the biggest key to a successful catch is matching a strong line with a good knot. These fish are naturally attracted to movement, so many fisherman use flies, lures or plugs, but the attraction of natural bait such as egg sacks, prawns, worms and crustaceans, always seem to land fish.  Both methods work well, just make sure your drag is set, and hold on once this aggressive fish decides to run.

Atlantic Salmon put up quite a fight for anglers, even more so when caught in the open salt water.
Since Atlantic Salmon can be found in both saltwater and freshwater, they require different fishing methods. Though the fish put up a good fight in both environments, they are particularly wild in their saltwater home, requiring slightly stronger equipment.  The fight often seems to outweigh the fish when caught in the current of a river, so fishing them during the spawn may require some stout tackle. They need to be caught on their way to spawn in the fresh water, and not after, since most die shortly after spawning out.

The Atlantic Salmon is one of the most sought after fish for recreation and farming.  Their ability to fight make them fun and rewarding for any sports fisherman, while their health benefits and cooking versatility make them ideal for consumption. Atlantic Salmon can be found in seafood restaurants around the globe in a range of recipes and meals. Due to decreasing population, those Salmon that are used in restaurants are typically farmed rather than fished for. Those that are caught wild for sport are usually required to be put back after they are caught. These measures are taken to ensure the stability of the species so that diners and sportsman can enjoy all that the Atlantic Salmon has to offer for centuries to come.


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